Event date

5th September 1914 to 12th September 1914

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The Battle of the Marne (French: Première bataille de la Marne) (also known as the Miracle of the Marne) was a First World War battle fought between the 5th and the 12th of September 1914.

Date 5–12 September 1914
Location Marne River near Paris, France
Result Decisive Allied victory
Belligerents
France France
United Kingdom United Kingdom
German Empire German Empire
Commanders and leaders
France Joseph Joffre
France Michel-Joseph Maunoury
France Joseph Gallieni
United Kingdom Sir John French
France Franchet d'Esperey
France Ferdinand Foch
France Fernand de Langle
German Empire Helmuth von Moltke
German Empire Karl von Bülow
German Empire Alexander von Kluck
German Empire Duke of Württemberg
Strength
1,071,000
39 French divisions
6 British divisions
1,485,000 (on 2nd Aug.)
27 German divisions
Casualties and losses
263,000, of whom 81,700 died 220,000

It resulted in an Allied victory against the German Army under Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke the Younger. The battle effectively ended the month long German offensive that opened the war and had reached the outskirts of Paris. The counterattack of six French field armies and one British army along the Marne River forced the German Imperial Army to abandon its push on Paris and retreat northeast, setting the stage for four years of trench warfare on the Western Front. The battle of the Marne was an immense strategic victory for the Allies, wrecking Germany's bid for a swift victory over France and forcing it into a drawn-out two-front war.

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